Empires Of The Fertile Cresent

Essay by PaperNerd ContributorCollege, Undergraduate October 2001

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In the Middle east, in about 4000 BC, the birth of civilization took place. In these ancient times there were three civilizations which contributed most to the development of humankind; these civilizations are the Sumerians, the Babylonians, and the Hebrews. The Sumerians were the first civilizations in the Tigris and Euphrates river valleys, also known as the Fertile Crescent. They invented the wheel and used the number six. The second civilization to occupy the Fertile Crescent was the Babylonians, which were most famous for the Hammurabi Code. Last, but definitely not least, were the Hebrews who originated in a place called Canaan. They were best known for bringing about monotheism, which the Christian religion was derived from.

The ancient civilization of Sumer was a very important one. Sumerians created one of the most important things today. It might not seem big but without the wheel, life would just not be the same.

The Sumerians also used the number 6 or 60, as in 60 minutes and 360o . This is very important because today we use these numbers daily. They also were the first to develop an animal produce industry.

After the Sumerians faded out the Babylonians came along and introduced us to Hammurabi's Code, the first system of laws. Hammurabi, who was a Babylonian leader, introduced these to us. If you broke a law under Hammurabi's Code there were very strict punishments, His code demanded an "eye for an eye". The Babylonians also set laws regarding wagers hours, and working conditions to protect their workers.

The Hebrews are very important to us today since the Christian religion, which most of us live by, was derived from the Hebrews. The Hebrews were monotheistic, which means that they believe in one god. The god they believed in was Yahweh...